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In 1824, it was separated out into its own genus, Thylacinus, by Temminck.
Several studies support the thylacine as being a basal member of the Dasyuromorphia and the Tasmanian devil as its closest living relative.
Native to continental Australia, Tasmania and New Guinea, it is believed to have become extinct in the 20th century.
The resulting cladogram follows below: Descriptions of the thylacine vary, as evidence is restricted to preserved joey specimens, fossil records, skins and skeletal remains, black and white photographs and film of the animal in captivity, and accounts from the field.Zoology students at Oxford had to identify 100 zoological specimens as part of the final exam.Word soon got around that, if ever a 'dog' skull was given, it was safe to identify it as Thylacinus on the grounds that anything as obvious as a dog skull had to be a catch.Surviving evidence suggests that it was a relatively shy, nocturnal creature with the general appearance of a medium-to-large-size dog, except for its stiff tail and abdominal pouch (reminiscent of a kangaroo) and dark transverse stripes that radiated from the top of its back, similar to those of a tiger.The thylacine was an apex predator, like the tigers and wolves of the Northern Hemisphere from which it obtained two of its common names.