Kolkhoz online dating
Avoid confusing English labels, except to define the original labels in the Russian language.
A simple historical classification system (below) accurately defines confused sub-groups of non-dukhobor Spiritual Christians, who, a century ago were told by Demens and Young and Samarin in Los Angeles that they should all falsely claim to be "Molokans" in America no matter what or who they were in Russia, or became in America.
I traveled to the Former Soviet Union 5 times (1992, 1997, 2007, 2011, 2015) for more than a year total time, to visit and document Spiritual Christian communities. While visiting nearly 100 Spiritual Christian congregations around the world, differences between the often confused faiths became clear to me.
My summary findings here and at are updated as time permits.
Other Spiritual Christian (non-Orthodox, folk Protestant, sectarian) groups with origins in Old Russia that resettled in North America (Adventisty, Baptisti, Dukhobortsy,** Evangeliki, Pyatidesyatniki, Shalaputi, Subbotniki, Svobodniki, etc.) are not the focus of this taxonomy, though they were all often called malakan, or Molokan in error.
Old Orthodox faiths (Old Ritualists, staroobryadtsy, Old Believers, staroverie) are raskolniki, not Spiritual Christians, and often confused with malakan.